PDF Questions According to the words of Olaudah Equiano and referring to at least one supporting primary sources, state 3 conditions aboard the slave ship that would decrease his chances of surviving the journey.
The combination of disease, inadequate food, rebellion and punishment took a heavy toll on captives and crew alike. The space was so cramped they were forced to crouch or lie down. More than a few thought that the Europeans were cannibals.
They were measured as above when the slaves had left them. The officers, however, persisted, and the poor beings were all turned up together.
The slaves were all inclosed under grated hatchways between decks. They were taken on board, stripped naked and examined from head to toe by the captain or surgeon. Merchants often put in writing that their captains should refrain from mistreating the African cargo, but few held their employees to account.
They perceived some- thing of sympathy and kindness in our looks which they had not been accustomed to, and, feeling instinctively that we were friends, they immediately began to shout and clap their hands.
First-person accounts of the Middle Passage are very rare. The captives were often in poor health from the physical and mental abuse they had suffered. So what were they to believe? The only time they were fed good food was right before going to the trading center.
They were the victims of often-terrible punishments and sexual exploitation, and many believed that the white men planned to kill and eat them. They tended to be prisoners of war, petty criminals, or common people kidnapped by African traders.
No personal hygiene or free time allowed. For the first time, limits were placed on the number of enslaved people that could be carried. This was opposed by the mate of the slaver, who, from a feeling that they deserved it, declared they would murder them all. A living man was sometimes dragged up, and his companion was a dead body; sometimes of the three attached to the same chain, one was dying and another dead.
Captive Africans Africa The men and women exposed to the brutalities of the Middle Passage came from up and down the west coast of Africa—from Senegambia in the north and west to the so-called Slave Coast of present-day Benin and western Nigeria to West-Central Africa. Women and children were kept in separate quarters, sometimes on deck, allowing them limited freedom of movement, but this also exposed them to violence and sexual abuse from the crew.
The US law took effect on 1 January And the worst was yet to come. Indeed, many of the survivors were seen lying about the decks in the last stage of emaciation and in a state of filth and misery not to be looked at. The captives were often in poor health from the physical and mental abuse they had suffered.
This is because there were not enough vents to supply oxygen to the slaves. In other instances, an insurrection resulted in the deaths of nearly everyone aboard—captive and crew—such as what happened on the "ghost ship" discovered in the Atlantic in A plan of the slave ship Brookes, showing how slaves were accommodated on agronumericus.com same ship had reportedly carried as many as people; published by the Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave.
The Middle Passage c - Faced with the nightmarish conditions of the voyage and the unknown future that lay beyond, many Africans preferred to.
Sep 09, · The conditions for the crew were almost as bad as the slave's conditions and the death rate was just as high!
Crew were beaten, whipped, chained, denied food, shot and even s tabbed! It was a. Nov 17, · Slave ships were not a fun placeThe slaves were usually very closely packed.
On the ships the smell was so potent many people couldn't breathe. The answer is C. many enslaved Africans to resist In order to transfer African slaves from The african continent, to Europe and north america, the slavers have to transport the slaves with ships 5/5(2).
Conditions on slave ships ranged from hellish to infernal. How bad conditions were on a slave ship were driven by a couple of major considerations and a host of lesser factors.Download